SLOVENIAN MILITARY POLICE


The 17th Battalion of the Military Police has its roots in the 1st Special Brigade "MORIS".

In July 1991, a permanent formation platoon was created within the then National Staff for Territorial Defence. The platoon was under the direct command of the Chief of the National Staff for Territorial Defence and had its headquarters in Brdo near Kranj where its staff also received training. It was here that the candidates for membership in the platoon were also tested.
In October 1991, the platoon was transferred to the 4 July Army Barracks on Metelkova Street in Ljubljana where it was assigned to protect the barracks.
At the beginning of 1992 the platoon, which at the time was made up of 30 personnel, moved to the former rocket base of the Yugoslav People's Army in Dovjez near Ljubljana.

The unit was progressively assigned new tasks which led to an increase in the number of its personnel which consequently influenced its reorganisation.
In May 1992, it was transformed into the 107th Military Police Company. In January 1998, the unit was transformed into a battalion, the 17th Military Police Battalion. The unit is directly subordinate to the General Staff.
Unit Insignia
The tasks of the military police are to maintain military order and discipline, to ensure the safety of military traffic, to perform specific duties in connection with the prevention and detection of criminal offences in the army, to protect facilities and areas of special importance for defence, to protect commands and units, and it is responsible for the safety of the supreme commander under a state of war or during visits by the supreme commander to military commands, units or institutions as well as to military facilities and their surroundings which are of special importance for defence. As such, the 17th Battalion of the Military Police must perform the following duties:
  • Protection of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Slovenia and the General Staff of the Slovene Army.
  • Operational duties in accordance with the competencies of the Military Police.
  • Specialist training of military police officers in the performance of peacetime duties and tasks under situations of a direct threat of war and during war, and during various peacekeeping operations.
  • Training of national servicemen.
Duties of the military police are legislated in the 1994 Slovenian Law on Defence
MP Motorcycles
These competencies include also those tasks which are performed by all military police personnel, namely, issuing warnings and instructions, establishing identity, issuing prescriptions, issuing summons, detaining, issuing subpoenas, restricting movement and arresting. They also perform physical examinations, investigations, and they inspect means of transport, luggage, facilities and areas of special importance for defence. The military police is also authorised to seize objects and to apply oppressive means, with the exception of the use of water cannons, cavalry and wooden batons. It regulates and controls military traffic, gathers information, checks the identity of persons wearing the uniform or parts of the uniform of the Slovene Army and the identity of the driver and passengers using vehicles with Slovene Army signs, irrespective of their location. Traffic Control Personnel

Note the white brassards worn on the right arm with black lettering "VP". It is assumed that the "V" represents the word "Military" and that the "P" represents "Police"; hence "VP" is "Military Police".
With respect to specialist knowledge, the 17th Battalion of the Military Police is divided into three main parts. One is intended to perform the general tasks of the military police, the second part performs tasks in the traffic field while the third part is responsible for the training of soldiers on national service. At the same time, the 17th Battalion of the Military Police conducts training in the specifics of the Military Police of the Slovene Army, and makes arrangements for participation in international exercises, presently also for participation in the Joint Forge peacekeeping operation in Bosnia.  
The first generation of conscripts to train in accordance with the unified programme of training in the 17th Battalion of the Military Police started in June 1998. As such, the conscripts perform their entire national service within the 17th Battalion of the Military Police at Franc Rozman - Stane Barracks in Moste.
The unit is located at Franc Rozman - Stane Barracks in Moste.
 
The special sections of the 17th Battalion of the Military Police include the following:
  • general military police officers,
  • traffic military police officers,
  • BOV (??),
  • dog guides,
  • marksmen,
  • criminal investigators,
  • motor cycle officers,
  • radiotelephone operators,
  • explosives experts,
  • anti-commando protection officers and
  • instructors.
 
Training

  • Stage 1. During the first stage which lasts 8 weeks, the soldiers are provided with individual basic military knowledge and skills in accordance with the programme of general and specialist military knowledge.
  • Stage 2. During the second stage, which lasts 9 weeks, the soldiers receive training in the performance of the duties of a military police officer. The first part, lasting 5 weeks, involves a course for acquiring the competencies of a public authority, while the second part provides individual specialised training. After the completion of the second stage and the successful performance of the examination in public authority competencies, the servicemen receive the military evidence assignment of a military police officer.
  • Stage 3. During the third stage, which lasts 13 weeks, the soldiers receive training in the performance of the basic tasks of a military police officer (the protection of facilities, the protection of the Ministry of Defence, escorting military convoys, controlling military traffic and other tasks, with respect to individual skills and in accordance with the competencies of the military police.
 
 
The insignia of the Slovenian Armed Forces is a shield bearing the national colours and with two swords. The insignia is placed on the cap and on the left sleeve. When abroad the National Flag is worn on the left sleeve. Unit or command distinction insignia is placed on the right sleeve.
In addition, servicemen wear also branch insignia on the left pocket. The insignia at right is an example only, probably from the signals branch


Selected Articles from the Slovenian Law on Defence

DECREE
of proclamation of the Law on Defence

I hereby proclaim the Law on Defence as adopted by the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia at its session of 20 December 1994.

No. 012-01/94-167
Ljubljana, 28 December 1994
President
of the Republic of Slovenia Milan Kucan


III. DEFENCE MEASURES

Article 33 (security intelligence agency)

(1) The security intelligence agency quoted in the previous article shall be organised as an organisational unit of the ministry having branches in military territorial commands and Slovenian Army units.

(2) The MOD security intelligence agency shall have the following duties:

1. professional intelligence missions specified in paragraph 1 of Article 32 of this law;
2. professional counter-intelligence and security missions, specified in paragraph 2 of Article 32 of this law, within the ministry and the Slovenian Army and in safeguarding of defence data in the defence system;
3. the professional guidance of military police when participating in the implementation of missions of the MOD security intelligence agency.

(3) Data collected through professional intelligence, counter-intelligence and security activities shall form a basis for analytical and operational assessments, the drawing of plans determining the use of the Army and other defence preparations, the activities in executing security missions at the staff level and for the planning and implementation of defence measures. All the important data shall be disseminated by the security intelligence agency to the Prime Minister, the President of the Republic, and to other bodies, if so determined by the Prime Minister.

(4) Employees of the regular security intelligence agency of the ministry and its wartime structure members who are engaged in counter-intelligence and security missions and are appointed by the minister shall have the same rights and authority as police force members when carrying out their duties under Article 158 of the Act on Criminal Procedure.

(5) If the security intelligence service of the ministry or military police, when executing duties under Article 32, detect or discover a criminal act performed outside the ministry or the Slovenian Army, they shall immediately inform the competent law enforcement agencies or the civil security intelligence agency and hand the matter over for further proceedings.

(6) If the law enforcement agencies or the civil security intelligence agency, when executing their duties, discover a criminal act performed by a military person, they must immediately inform the MOD security intelligence agency. If, during an investigation under the law by the MOD security intelligence agency, a military person or a conscript doing his compulsory military service is caught when committing a criminal act, he shall be detained until the arrival of the military police.

(7) When executing their duties the MOD security intelligence agency shall cooperate with law enforcement agencies and the civil security intelligence agency.

(8) The government shall regulate the organisation of, operations of, and determine the rules for the implementation of professional duties of the security intelligence agency at the ministry, and the competencies of the military police in more detail.


IV. SLOVENIAN ARMY

6. Military police

Article 65 (duties of the military police)

(1) The military police shall be in charge of military order and discipline, the safety of military transports and shall perform certain missions related to the detection and prevention of criminal acts within the Army, safeguarding facilities of special importance to defence and their surroundings.

(2) The military police shall be in charge of safeguarding command posts and units, the safety of the commander-in-chief in wartime or during his visits to military commands, units or agencies i.e. facilities of special importance to defence and their surroundings.

(3) The organisation of military police shall be determined by formation.

(4) In accordance with the previous paragraph commanders of military police units shall be subordinated and shall answer to the commanders of the commands or units with which the military police are organised.

Article 66 (rights and authority of military police)

(1) The military police shall have, under the conditions prescribed for the police forces, the right and authority to:

1. caution and give instructions;
2. check identification cards, give directions, summon, bring in, detain, limit free movement, or imprison;
3. perform searches of individuals, search vehicles, luggage and facilities of special importance to defence and their surroundings;
4. confiscate objects;
5. use means of restraint, with the exception of water jets, mounted officers and batons;
6. regulate and supervise military transports;
7. collect information, request information from people and check the identity of people and objects.

(2) The military police may detain for up to 24 hours military personnel who under the influence of alcohol or other drugs breach public order and peace or military discipline until such persons are sober.

(3) Military police members in wartime structure shall have the rights and authority of the military police only when on military duty.

Article 67 (area of competency)

(1) The rights and authority specified in the previous article shall be used by the military police only:

- on facilities of special importance to defence and their surroundings;
- on the territory of a camp, if a unit or agency is situated outside military barracks;
- against military personnel.

(2) The military police may use all vehicles with right of way.

(3) When regulating military transports in public transport, the military police shall coordinate their work with the police.

(4) The military police may check the identity of a person wearing the Slovenian Army uniform or parts thereof regardless of where such a person is at the time, the police also check the identity of a driver and passengers if aboard a vehicle owned by the Slovenian Army.

Article 68 (military police actions)

Should the military police catch a civilian in a criminal act on a facility or surroundings which are of special importance to defence, or in the camp area, they must immediately notify the police. In such a case, the military police shall have the power to use only absolutely necessary measures and means of restraint to detain him/her until the arrival of the police and to successfully deter any attack on persons or facilities and property that they protect.


VI. NATIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM

Article 85 (control over security intelligence agency and military police)

(1) The minister shall be obliged to enable the National Assembly's working body competent for supervision of the work of security intelligence agencies to exercise constant control over the work of the security intelligence agency at the ministry and the military police.

(2) The minister shall submit to the working body quoted in the previous paragraph a regular annual report on the work of the security intelligence agency at the ministry and the military police, as well as on the use of special operational methods and equipment.