"MILITARY POLICE" OF THE
WARSAW PACT COUNTRIES







USSR

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact-era USSR did not have military police as such as it was considered that there was no such thing as "crime" within the utopia of the Soviet Union and it was therefore totally unnecessary to have a force to police the armed forces. The "Kommandant's Service" of the Russian Army wear a yellow letter "K" on a red patch on the sleeve to indicate their membership of this service - the "de facto" army police.

Traffic Controllers also wear a white painted helmet with red stripes to indicate their status.

During World War Two Traffic Controllers of the Red Army wore a patch on their left arm that indicated their function. Flags were used to show drivers where they were supposed to go. Traffic Controllers of the Warsaw Pact USSR armed forces wore the patch above on the left upper sleeve of the jacket and greatcoat.
Female WW2 Traffic Regulator




CZECHOSLOVAKIA

Traffic Control Units of the former Czechoslovak Armed Forces had their vehicles marked with the symbol to the left.

The letter "P" is equivalent to "R" in the Cyrillic alphabet and "R" is the initial letter of the German term "Regulierer" - ("Regulator").

The traffic control personnel in the GAS-69 vehicle at right (click to enlarge) are wearing white motorcycle helmets and appear to be wearing white brassards with a black letter "P" on left upper arm. The vehicle is also marked with the traffic control symbol on the bonnet.

It is also believed that military police duties were performed by "Military Guard" or "Military Security" personnel. Patrols were indentified by red brassards with black (?) lettering "VH" or "VS" ("VS" since 1967). When on patrol a military security patrol would consist of an NCo armed with a Scorpion (M61) sub-machine pistol and two PFC's armed with VZ-58 rifles.





POLAND

In 1957, the newly-formed Army Security Units ("Wojskowa Stuzba Wewnetrzna"), were given white cap bands and patches, and part of the uniform was white as well (belts, pistol holsters, etc). Later in 1957, the cap bands of other units were abolished. The Army Security Units kept theirs.

By 1960 all collar patches were abolished, and from 1961 new collar badges were adopted. These collar badges were worn from 1961-73 and included the new collar badge worn by the Army Security Units

WSW Collar patch WSW Collar badge
1957 collar patch 1961-73 collar badge WSW helmet
 
Other Warsaw Pact countries



Hungarian Traffic Controller


Hungarian Traffic Controller helmet


Romanian Traffic Controller helmet


East German Traffic Controller