Insignia of the
SA Corps of Military Police


Cap Badges

SA Mounted Rifles From 1916 until 1922 the SA Mounted Rifles provided the military police of the Union Defence Force.
SA Field Artillery From 1922 military police details wore the cap badge of the SA Field Artillery. Until 1926 the cap badge had on the lower scroll SOUTH AFRICA - ZUID AFRIKA but in 1926 it was changed to include the word UBIQUE on an upper scroll and SUID replaced ZUID on the lower scroll.

The cap badge illustrated is the post-1926 version.

Military Police Corps During approximately 1935 a cap badge for the military police was devised by a Lt-Col J.M. de Klerck. Depicting the hand and scales of justice it was made from bronze, brass, lead and blackened metal in both solid and hollowed versions.
SACMP The existing cap badge of the SACMP was designed by a G.H. van Rhyn and came into use during 1957. Based on the badge of the Corps of RoyaI Military Police, it depicted a wreath of protea flowers and leaves and a sword of Gideon. The sword refers to a biblical quotation - "he who struck down the evil doers". From 1959 until 1977 this badge was made in gilding metal. After 1977 the badge has been chrome plated.
WP Comd Provost Unit FN Comd Provost Unit Natal Comd Provost Unit
Since 1984, Provost Units of the SA Army have worn insignia that it unique to each unit. The basic form of the SACMP cap badge is used with an insert unique to that specific unit.

The examples at left show (from left to right) Western Province Command Provost Unit, Far North Command Provost Unit, and Natal Command Provost Unit.
SANDF Military Police Agency. Since 1 April 1999, all members of the SACMP have reverted to wearing the standard SACMP cap and collar badges.




Brassards

MPC (Union) Members of the SACMP/MPC wore brassards like these when they were deployed within the Union of South Africa.
WAMPC (Union) Members of the Women's Auxiliary Military Police Corps wore brassards like these.
MPC (Egypt/Italy) A brassard similar to that of the British Corps of Military Police was worn by MPC personnel deployed in North Africa and Italy.
APM In terms of the 1935 Defence Act, provision was made for the appointment of a Provost Marshal and assistants to maintain discipline within the UDF. The Provost Marshal was however known as the Chief Disciplinary Officer. During WW2, commanders of Provost Companies (usually a Major) deployed outside the Union were appointed as Assistant Provost Marshals and wore brassards like this.
DAPM During WW2 platoon commanders (usually Captains) of Provost Companies were appointed as Deputy Assistant Provost Marshals and wore brassards like this.
ADO During World War Two commanders of Garrison Provost Companies within the Union were known as Assistant Disciplinary Officers. These officers were not members of the SACMP, but were seconded from other corps of the SA Army. It is not known if such a brassard had official sanction but hand-made versions exist.
NEMP
It is believed that this brassard was worn by African members of the Union Defence Force during World War Two. The letters "NEMP" are believed to mean Non-European Military Police. It must be remembered that although African personnel were utilised within the UDF, they were not considered to be soldiers but rather only auxiliary personnel. A machine-made version is known to exist.
SACMP (pre-1978) From the end of WW2 until 1978 brassards similar to those worn by the wartime MPC within the Union were worn again.
SACMP (1978-2000) From 1978 until the present date brassards which attach to the epaulette have been worn to indicate the duty status of a military policeman. An early version of this brassard was worn by personnel in Grootfontein (South-West Africa) during 1975.
Two versions of this brassard also exist. One is non-reversable, whilst the other is reversable and has an orange reflective colouring with white lettering on the reverse side.
SACMP (2000-date) During mid-2000, the SANDF Military Police Agency introduced a new brassard utilising the camouflage material used by the SA Army. The brassard has two sides, is reversable and has black lettering on camouflage material on one side, and black lettering on chilli-red material on the other. At present it is only worn by Army members of the MPA.




Shoulder Titles

1st Military Constabulary The 1st Military Constabulary was utilised in German South-West Africa from 1915 until 1919. It is not certain whether this force was the first form of military police within the Union Defence Force.
SAMR - 1st & 2nd Provost Companies Two companies of military police were held on the strength of the 4th Regiment, SA Mounted Rifles from 1914 until 1918. This unit was based in Roberts Heights (later Voortrekkerhoogte and now Thaba Tswane).
MPC
During WW2, brass shoulder titles using the letters SACMP - SAMPK in two arcs were worn on epaulettes. The orange background in which the shoulder titles were worn indicated that the wearer was a volunteer member of the Union Defence Force.
4 Provost Company Believed formed during 1965 a Full Time Force (FTF) training element, namely 4 Provost Company, was made responsible for the training of all National Service Military Police. Personnel from the company were distinguished by orange and black shoulder titles, "4 PRO KOMP" on the right shoulder and "4 PRO COY" on the left shoulder of the standard "bunny jacket".
Provost School
Shoulder Patches

For a short period during the early "80's" from 1981 until 1986 personnel at Provost School wore patches sewn onto the right shoulder to indicate whether they involved in instruction or with the headquarters staff of the unit. The square indicated instructional staff whilst the hour-glass indicated headquarters personnel. The use of these patches coincided with the use of the red-black-red beret flashes
Provost School HQHeadquarters Company After the change to red-yellow-black beret flashes during 1986, the sub-unit shoulder patches of the school to changed to make provision for personnel at the Headquarters, Headquarters Company, "A" Company, "B" Company, and "C" Company. These shoulder flashes were attached to the right shoulder epaulette.
Alpha CompanyBravo CompanyCharlie Company




Corps Flags

Military Police Corps Military Police Corps flag This flag was probably allocated shortly after the establishment of the corps in 1938.
Pre-1994 SACMP SACMP Flag (pre-1994) The vertical bars of this version of the corps flag are descended from the WW2 helmet flash and the colours of the Corps of Royal Military Police.
Post-1994 SACMP SACMP Flag (post-1994) During 1994 the corps flags of the SA Army were standardised. The springbok head represents the SA Army, whilst the red, yellow and black horizontal bars of the new corps flag indicate the SA Corps of Military Police.




Unit Insignia

Provost School Provost School On 4 October 1977, the first birthday of the Provost Training Centre, a new shoulder flash was taken into use. The badge integrated the corps colours given before the war with a double edged sword of justice and a Gordian knot. These symbolised the defensive and offensive nature of the Military Police together with the decisive solving of problems and crime.
On 1 April 1999, the Provost School became the Military Police School of the SANDF MPA, and took over use of this badge
Army Battle School
Provost Unit
Obsolete
Army Battle School Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based at the Army Battle School at Lohatla in the Northern Cape and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Army Battle School. The knight represents manoeuverability on the battlefield.
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
Far North Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete
Far North Command Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based at Pietersburg in the Northern Province and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Army Far North Command. (Far North Command was initially part of Northern Transvaal Command).
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
Eastern Transvaal Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete

Eastern Transvaal Command Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based in Nelspruit in Mpumalanga and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Army Eastern Transvaal Command. (Eastern Transvaal Command was initially part of Northern Transvaal Command).
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
Northern Cape Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete
Northern Cape Command Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based at Kimberley in the Northern Cape Province and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Army Northern Cape Command. The diamond is representative of the diamond fields of the Northern Cape province and the fact that the unit is located in Kimberley where the "Big Hole" is found.
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
North Western Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete
North Western Command Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based at Potchefstroom in the North-Western Province and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Army North-Western Command.
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
Orange Free State Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete
Orange Free State Command Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based at Bloemfontein in the Free State Province and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Army Orange Free State Command. The symbol on the badge represents a hunter's horn. A hunters horn is found on the provincial coat-of-arms of the Free State. This is linked to the House of Oranje-Nassau and the Dutch Prins of Orange, Prince Willem, and also the insignia of the Free State Sovereign State ("Vrystaat Soewereine Staat") during the time of President Boshof.
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
Western Province Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete
Western Province Command Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based in Cape Town in the Western Cape Province and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Western Province Command. The badge incorporates Table Mountain - a distinctive feature of Cape Town.
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
Natal Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete

Natal Command Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based in Durban in Kwazulu-Natal and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Army Natal Command. The badge incorporates two running "wildebees" which are the provincial emblems for KwaZulu-Natal.
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
Eastern Province Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete

Eastern Province Command Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based in Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape Province and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Army Eastern Province Command. The elephant is representative of the Addo Elephant, a sub-species which is found in the nearby Addo Elephant Park.
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
Gauteng Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete

Gauteng Command Provost Unit Closed
This unit is based in Thaba Tswane ("Voortrekkerhoogte") in Gauteng Province and provides both military police and operational support to the SA Army Gauteng Command. The unit was formed after the amalgamation of Northern Transvaal Command and Witwatersrand Command Provost Units.
On 1 April 1999, this unit ceased operations in its previous establishment, and re-opened as an MP Area Office of the SANDF MPA.
4 Provost Company
Obsolete
4 Provost Company Closed
4 Provost Company was initially formed for the training of National Service military police personnel. The company was formed at Military Base Wonderboom and together with the Services School Provost Wing later formed the Provost Training Centre.
7 Provost Company
Obsolete
7 Provost Company Closed
7 Provost Company was initially a company of Regiment Voortrekkerhoogte. The company was attached to 7 SA Infantry Division. During the late 1990's, this company formed the core of 7 Provost Unit when 7, 8 and 9 Provost Company's were informally integrated into one unit.
8 Provost Company
Obsolete
8 Provost Company Closed
8 Provost Company was initially a company of Regiment Voortrekkerhoogte. The company was attached to 8 SA Armoured Division until the closure of the division.
9 Provost Company
Obsolete

9 Provost Company Closed
9 Provost Company was formed after an amalgamation of 11 and 12 Provost Company's. The latter company's were initially part of Regiment Voortrekkerhoogte. 9 Provost Company was attached to 9 SA Division until the closure of the division.
Northern Logistical Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete
Northern Logistical Command Provost Unit Closed
Based in Grootfontein ("South West Africa) the unit was closed after withdrawal of SA Forces from South-West Africa during implementation of United Nations Resolution 435.
Northern Transvaal Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete
Northern Transvaal Command Provost Unit Closed
Closed after integration with Witwatersrand Command Provost Unit during 1996 to form Gauteng Command Provost Unit. The badge represents the Barberton Daisy, the symbol used to represent the Northern Transvaal in sport.
Witwatersrand Command
Provost Unit
Obsolete
Witwatersrand Command Provost Unit Closed
Closed after integration with Northern Transvaal Command Provost Unit during 1996 to form Gauteng Command Provost Unit. The unit badge incorporated the corps insignia and gold weights.




Helmet Flashes

SA Field Artillery
WW2 Helmet flashMilitary Police Corps. Members of the Military Police Corps wore helmet flashes like that illustrated on the sides of their sun helmets as an indication of their units. The same flash is worn on the side of SACMP motorcycle helmets at the present day.